Angina pectoris is known as a form of chest pain or discomfort in medical terms. It happens when the heart does not receive enough blood to the arteries. It is due to the blockage of one or more arteries of the heart. Insufficient blood to the heart leads to a decrease in the level of oxygen to the cells. If the heart does not generate oxygen for blood, the heart cells might die, which leads to the death of any individual. The heart specialist in Chennai suggests that a person affected by angina pectoris can be diagnosed with the help of an instrument designed to record the electrical activity of the heart.
Reason For Angina Pectoris
The major reason for angina pectoris is atherosclerosis. It occurs because of the accumulation of fats, lipids, cholesterol and other substances that cause the wall of blood vessels to be narrow. It also decreases the flow of blood. Usually, the heart requires more blood during emotional stress and physical activity. In such conditions, the blood flow through the narrowed path may not be sufficient, so the top cardiologist in Chennai states that the heart requires to work harder and thereby resulting in angina pectoris.
Sign And Symptoms Of Angina Pectoris
- A series of pain occurs for a shorter period.
- Shortness of breath.
- It occurs when the heart works harder, especially during physical activity.
- The continuous chest pain leads to shoulder, arms and back.
These are the various signs and symptoms of angina pectoris addressed by the best cardiologist doctor in Chennai. This is a serious indication that it increases the risk of cardiac arrest and sudden heart attack.
Types Of Angina Pectoris
Stable angina is also known as angina pectoris.
Unstable angina pectoris occurs unpredictably and is characterized by unexpected chest pain. If it is not diagnosed, the unexpected chest pain may get worse over time.
Variant angina is also known as angina inversa. It occurs during the night or early in the morning. It occurs in a patient with a pre-existing heart condition at a younger age.
Microvascular angina affects the smaller coronary arteries. It blocks the wall of blood vessels and prolongs the pain for longer. It is known to be more severe then compared to other types of angina.
There are different types of treatment and diagnosis methods that are suggested by the cardiologist in Chennai, involving surgery, proper medications and a healthy lifestyle.